What You Didn’t Know About Skin Cancer and The Golden ABCDE Rule

Skin cancer mainly affects people who are above the age of 50 years old. However, it’s possible for  younger individuals to develop skin cancer, especially if they’re exposed to the sun a lot without wearing any sunscreen.

Two factors greatly influence its appearance:

  • the radiation emitted by the sun through its UV rays and
  • DNA mutations in the epithelial cells.

Despite it is one of the most common forms of cancer, mortality rates for skin cancer have stabilized. Furthermore, there are increasing opportunities for a timely diagnosis of this type of cancer.

Here, we will share seven facts about skin cancer and how it can develop.

Skin Cancer

 

  1. Sun exposure increases the risk level of skin cancer

Many people think that continuous sun exposure can be harmless. They actually believe the worst thing that can happen to them is sunburn, which can easily heal after few days.

The thing that most people ignore is the impact of radiation on the skin. It alters the cells and increases the risk of cancer in the long run.

 

  1. Using sunscreen is not enough

We can be careful by applying sunscreen to our skin. Yes, we can minimize the negative effects of the sun, but it doesn’t guarantee that we won’t develop this type of cancer.

In fact, the sun is only one of the factors associated with developing skin cancer. In addition to toxins, UV rays, cigarettes and a poor diet could also contribute to the development of skin cancer.

 

  1. Any mole can become malignant

Most cases of this cancer develop from a spot that begins to grow abnormally.

However, in other circumstances it may arise from a preexisting mole that was invaded by malignant cells.

This variety of moles are known as melanomas. They are not so frequent among the types of this disease. However, unfortunately, they are the most aggressive type.

 

  1. Larger moles increase risk of skin cancer

The malignant mole risk increases if the mole in question is actually large. The name of these moles is “congenital melanocytic nevus” and they are present at birth. They can grow over the years.

 

  1. Tanning booths can be dangerous

If we continuously use tanning lamps then the risk factor is bigger and we should all not ignore.

Although it seems like a good alternative to sun exposure, the truth is these types of tanning machines also emit some degree of ultraviolet radiation, which can be dangerous.

 

  1. An infection can cause skin cancer

Other possible causes of this disease are chronic injuries and swelling that occur from severe burns and infections.

If the skin that protects the inner part of the body has a serious condition, the risk of developing malignant cells increases significantly.

 

  1. The “ABCDE” rule to identify skin cancer

The sudden appearance of spots on the skin and abnormalities in the moles are the most obvious sign to give away that you may have this type of cancer.

However, there’s a method that can help you discern whether the moles or spots that appear on your skin are a cause for cancer: the “ABCDE” rule:

A – Asymmetry: One part of the mole or birthmark does not match the other.

B – Border: The edges of the mole are uneven and look abnormal.

C – Color: The color of the mole includes brown and black shades. However, moles may sometimes turn white, blue or a reddish color.

D – Diameter: The mole is a little over ¼ inch wide (6 milimeters).

E – of Evolving: Over time you notice changes in the shape, size and color of the mole.

Remember that one of the most effective ways to prevent the development of skin cancer is through an annual visit to your  dermatologist.

 

Pay attention to the signs that you consider to be abnormal and ask for the appropriate tests to be more certain.

 

Source: StepToHealth

 

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