Here is How to Discover if a Woman Has Ovarian Cysts
Here is How to Discover if a Woman Has Ovarian Cysts!
The female population know very well the word “cyst”. It’s one of the most common conditions that can affect the reproductive system during their lifetime.
Most of the time it doesn’t pose real danger to women’s health. But it’s very important to know what ovarian cysts actually are and what we should do if there is a diagnose.
Here are 9 most important facts about ovarian cysts.
What are ovarian cysts?
Cysts are small, fluid-filled sacs that form on the ovaries. Their size can range from millimeters to more than 5 cm.
Whenever a woman ovulates, a small cell or follicle forms in one of her ovaries, which is broken when the egg is mature and ready to be fertilized.
If a pregnancy does not occur, there is naturally re-absorption of follicle . However, if this process does not take place, the cell becomes a cyst, giving rise to this type of foreign body.
Ages at risk
Women are at the risk of developing this condition after they reach puberty and throughout their childbearing years. Ovarian cysts usually disappear with the onset of menopause. However, in certain cases they may appear later in life.
So far there’s no exact cause that can explain why there is a formation of these small cysts in the ovaries.
There are several factors which can lead to them:
- Irregular menstrual cycles
- Undergoing fertility treatments
- Hormonal imbalances
- Genetic factors
The main symptoms
As with other disorders related to the reproductive system, the symptoms tend to get confused with other more common conditions.
The problem is that they’re not always noticeable early on. Many women prefer to ignore them.
Among them are the following:
- Irregular menstrual periods
- Abdominal and pelvic pain that radiates to the back or legs
- Severe pelvic pain before and during menstruation
- Severe pain during intercourse
- Vomiting and nausea
- Tenderness in the breast tissue
- Feeling of heaviness
- Abdominal distension
- Pressure in the rectum or bladder
How we detect ovarian cysts?
If you suspect you have an ovarian cyst you should have a pelvic exam and an ultrasound or MRI. If one is present, a blood test will be made to determine whether it should be removed or not.
What is the treatment?
Usually your gynecologist will recommend periodic checks to determine whether the cyst is reabsorbed over time.
If it increases in size or causes pain and other complications, you may take oral contraceptives or undergo a surgical procedure to remove it.
Cysts and fertility
One of the biggest concerns women have when diagnosed with a cyst is their fertility. It typically won’t pose a risk for conception, but in certain cases it can prevent proper ovulation.
In addition to that, the size of the cyst can increase and alter the function of the ovaries or deform them, altering your future fertility.
They don’t normally occur during menopause
A woman who has entered menopause should have no risk of ovarian cysts. If one is present, it should be a cause for concern.
According to the experts, cysts or tumors during menopause can be a strong indicator of cancer.
A doctor should carefully evaluate them.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (POS)
The appearance of cysts in various parts of the ovary, such as a cluster of seven to 10 different follicles, is a condition known as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (POS).
A lot of difficulties can cause it during ovulation and the main culprit is hormonal imbalances.
In such cases, we need more care and attention because it’s usually accompanied by alterations in menstruation, infertility, excessive body hair, and more.
In most cases these cysts don’t cause any problems and will disappear by themselves with time.
Nevertheless, it’s important that you undergo regular medical checkups to ensure that all is well.
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