Colon Cancer and What Women Should Know About!
Colon cancer, or colorectal cancer, according to the information from the World Health Organization (WHO), affects between 10 – 15% of the world’s population. In terms of common incidence, it takes the place below lung cancer.
Colon cancer affects a large number of people over the age of 50. 10% of these cases, however, can appear in people who are much younger.
In fact, there are cases where people at the age of 20 have been affected by colon cancer.
This type of cancer, until recently, was more common in men. But few years ago doctors began to warn of an increasing number of women affected by colon cancer.
Even though we don’t know what can causes this disease, certain factors like smoking, or our lifestyle can lead to a greater incidence of this disease. Dozens of young people with healthy lifestyles have also been affected.
What is colon cancer?
Colon cancer originates or “finds its place” in the colon or rectum. Almost always starts on the same manner: an abnormal and unpleasant growth in the lining of the colon, shaped like small polyps.
Patients could live with these small polyps for couple of years without actually experiencing too many symptoms. After some time, however, one runs the risk of mutating into cancer cells. The primary symptom for this is blood in the feces.
There are actually two types of polyps that most commonly appear:
• Adenomatous polyps (end up mutating into cancer)
• Hyperplastic and Inflammatory polyps: these are actually the most common, and generally they don’t mutate into cancer cells.
Symptoms of colon cancer if you are a woman
Men and women experience the same symptoms of colon cancer. The only difference is that women might not pay attention to these symptoms, perhaps confusing them with other things caused by these situations:
• Periods of constipation and diarrhea: keep in mind that this type of condition is more common in women, and women therefore take longer to see the doctor about it.
• Fatigue, low energy: also a very characteristic symptom in women.
• Abdominal swelling, feeling of heaviness, slow digestion…
We can recognize colon cancer by a sudden or frequent appearance of blood in the feces. If you notice that your feces is “not normal” or very thin, this is also characteristic and you should visit your doctor.
Keep in mind that blood in the feces isn’t always noticeable with the naked eye. You could also be suffering from anemia. What you first may associate with other causes, could actually be a more severe, disguised disease.
We should also point out that a lot of these symptoms could also be related to other causes, like dietary allergies, colitis, ulcers, gallbladder problems.
Our advice is to go to the doctor to rule out any doubts.
The key is in early detection
Colon cancer affects all people in the same way. That’s why hospitals and medical institutions have made or established protocols for early detection. 90% of patients can be cured if there is an early detection.
So, just like going on regular gynecological check-up, it’s also a good idea to make a simple colorectal test in the following situations:
• If you are over the age of 50.
• As soon as you notice persistent abdominal pain and blood in your feces.
• If you have a family history of colon cancer.
The tests are a simple exploration to detect blood in the feces, along with unpleasant colonoscopy. This last check is slightly “uncomfortable,” but it is absolutely vital.
Before becoming a malignant tumor, first the polyp develops. In its first stages, this lesion is always benign. If we don’t eliminate, it will end up becoming malign.
So with enough preventive exams, we can drastically reduce colon cancer levels with techniques and follow-ups.
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